Because of this, heavy ships travel comfortably in the sea without sinking….

: If even a small stone is thrown into water, it sinks immediately. But what people do not understand is that if that small stone sinks easily in water, then why can’t the ships or boats floating in the sea or rivers, whose weight would be many times more than that of a stone, sink in water? Sinking? Actually, Archimedes’ principle is responsible for a heavy ship floating in water not sinking. This principle states that the buoyant force acting on an object is equal to the weight of the liquid it displaces.

A ship may be very heavy, but it displaces water. The thin structure of the ship and the air filled compartments present in the ship help it float in water. When a ship floats in water, it displaces water equal to its weight. The weight of displaced water balances the weight of the ship, thereby preventing the ship from sinking.

Furthermore, ships are specially designed so that they can float on water. Actually, the thin structure of the ship i.e. its structure from the front is such that it is able to move forward easily by cutting through the water, due to which the resistance of the water is reduced. At the same time, there are compartments filled with air in the ship, which reduce the average density of the ship. Because the average density of the ship is less than the density of water, the ship remains floating in water.

However, there can be some situations in which a ship can sink, such as: Hole in the ship: If there is a hole in the ship, water can enter inside the ship and the ship can sink. Excessive load: If the ship is Even if the ship is carrying more than its capacity, it can sink. Storm: During a storm, strong winds and high waves can sink the ship.

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